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ii2                  HISTORY OF PERSIA                  CIUI,
In A.H. 489 (1096) Sanjar was appointed  King of
Khorasan, but in A.H. 492 (1099) the year of the capture
of Jerusalem by the Crusaders, Mohamed, another son
of Malik Shah, rebelled, aided by the Muayyid-ul-Mulk,
the ablest of  the late  Nizam-ul-Mulk's  sons,  whom
Barkiyaruk had dismissed from office and converted into
a mortal enemy.    Small wonder was it that the invasion
from Europe met with no response from Baghdad, for
civil war was waged incessantly throughout the reign of
the unfortunate Barkiyaruk.   At last peace was made,
but shortly afterwards Barkiyaruk died, and his brother
Mohamed obtained the supreme power by seizing and
blinding the heir-apparent, Malik Shah IL, a boy of* five.
Mohamed now became the undisputed ruler of the heart
of the Empire, and during his reign he waged incessant
war on the Assassins.    Upon his death his successor,
Mahmud, a foolish boy of fourteen, attacked his powerful
uncle, Sanjar, who defeated him at Sava, to the west of
Kum.    With magnanimity unusual in that period, Sunjar
not only spared the boy's eyes, but made him ruler of
Irak and gave him his own daughter in marriage.
During this period of fratricidal strife the Empire had
broken ^ up, Kerman, Syria, and Asia Minor all coming
under independent dynasties, although to some extent
they acknowledged the nominal suzerainty of the main
line. Sanjar, however, had practically no concern with
the provinces west of Iran, and the Seljuks of Rum, as
Asia Minor was termed, were entirely independent and
maintained their dynasty until the rise of the Osmanlis
at the beginning of the fourteenth century,
The Seljuks of Kerman, A.H* 433-583 (1041-1187),-
The Seljuks of Kerman have been mentioned and the
career of their founder, Malik Kaward, has been related-
but we must follow briefly the later fortunes of the
dynasty, which ruled in south-east Persia for one hundred
and forty-six years.
After the execution of Malik Kaward his victorious
nephew Malik Shah, decided to extirpate the whole of
his family, and with that end in view marched on Kerman
and laid siege to it But Kaward had left forty daughters, ,